Style and Hair Dilemmas Go Away!

Spring is here and with it comes new trends. But sometimes making the trends work for you personally can pose a challenge. What to do?

For example, the power print typical of Wall Street executives was reimagined in stylish ways by front row regulars at the shows for spring 2017. The latest take on the boardroom staple? Roomy wide-leg pants and feminine, slouchy silhouettes.But what if you’re too short? Well, here’s how to work around this dilemma. If you can’t wear long pants, rock the trend by wearing a fresh pair of culottes that cut right below the knee. Now, what if you consider yourself too wide for slouchy silhouettes? Cinch the waist! There’s not much a cinched waist can’t fix!

When it comes to hair, sleek, shiny and parted in the middle is big this spring. But this only works if your hair is healthy. That means no frizz. We get frizzy hair when the cuticle layer is lifted up and moisture goes through, inflating the strands and making your hair look dry and, well, frizzy!

To get a smooth and silky look, use a treatment before you shampoo to hydrate and soften the cuticle, like MONAT’s REJUVENIQE™. You can use this nourishing oil once a week as well as an oil treatment to give your hair the moisture it desperately needs to smooth out the frizz. You also can take an old toothbrush, spray it with hairspray, like MONAT’s Refinish Control Hairspray, and gently brush it on any wisps and flyaways to make them lie down.

Another spring hair trend is the “hair flip.” Flip your hair from one side to the other and you create natural volume. But what if your hair is simply flat flat flat? Sometimes using the wrong products, ones that are heavy and thick, could be causing your flatness. Or using conditioner all over your hair instead of just mid-length to ends can weigh it down. Find out about MONAT’s Volume SystemRevive Shampoo, Revitalize Conditioner and Reshape Root Lifter—to give your hair height and a lot of oomph!

See? These spring trends are doable. You just need to know the tricks!

Tomorrow Is National Reach As High As You Can Day!

Reach as high as you can, and then reach a little higher.

There you will find magic and possibility.

— Mara Johns1


April 14 is National Reach as High As You Can Day! There are so many ways to fulfill this quest. You might try something you never thought you could, like write a poem, bake an upside-down cake, swim a mile or get on a horse. Some people use this day to literally go high up. They jump on a trampoline or take a ride in a hot air balloon or climb the tallest tree they can muster up the courage to. People often think of Javier Sotomayor of Cuba today, who holds the record for the highest high jump in recent history (1930 – an amazing 8.25 feet!2) Like what Javier did, almost anything is possible but not if you don’t try. If you don’t succeed, at least you won’t have the regret of wondering “what if…”

But for others, this is a day to think about goals and dreams and stretch to make them come true. It’s a celebration holiday that encourages you to do your very best at something new. Try moving out of your comfort zone and that rut you may have been in to reach upward for an amazing experience.

This “reaching” to something bigger and better – and feel bigger and better as a result – is something MONAT strongly encourages. In fact, enhancing self-confidence is part of MONAT’s Vision.

Being involved in a MONAT partnership where you not only get to share your experiences but help others also achieve their goals and realize their dreams is incredibly rewarding. The old saying that it is better to give than to receive is indeed true. That’s why people love to volunteer so much – they get so much out of it.

MONAT is like that. Its core values are family, community, gratitude , giving back… to each other, to the community, to the public at large. With a Mission to help people everywhere enjoy beautiful, healthy, fulfilling lives through exceptional, naturally based products, a fun and rewarding business opportunity, and a culture of family, service, and gratitude, how can it not be enticing to reach as high with MONAT as you can… and keep reaching?

This really is a day to open your horizons and work to accomplish that dream that seems so far away… but reach anyway. It may be as easy as simply picking up the pen, pulling out the baking pan, dipping your toe in the water or putting your foot in that stirrup. All you need to do is start.


1 Little Mix Official Google Plus Page
2 Fun Holiday – Reach as High as You Can Day.

Stressed Out? How To Deal With It… The Right Way!

We all know what stress is and that it’s bad for us… or do we really? Sure, we’ve heard it can harm our health and that we should practice deep breathing, yoga or meditation. But of course it goes far deeper than that.

Let’s take a closer look at this potent word, especially because April is the 25th anniversary of National Stress Awareness Month (started by The Health Resource Network, Inc., a non-profit health education organization).

What Is Stress Exactly?

Anything that poses a challenge or a threat to our well-being is a stress, according to Medical News Today.1 When we are overwhelmed and don’t think we can handle the pressure, we say, “I’m stressed.”

Stress is the way our brain and body respond to demand, according to the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH).2 It’s how people cope with stress or recover from stressful events that can make it harmful or not. Your physiological state is affected when faced with stress. We’ve all heard of the “fight or flight syndrome.” The fight part is your body's sympathetic nervous system reacting to a stressful event and it activates resources to protect you by either getting you away quickly or fighting, as per the NIMH.3 At this point, larger quantities of “the chemicals cortisol, adrenaline and noradrenaline are produced, which in turn trigger a higher heart rate, heightened muscle preparedness, sweating and alertness.”4

It’s Our Response to Stress that Matters

People will feel a demanding situation is stressful if they think they cannot effectively handle it. When trying to manage stress, “It is important to learn that what matters more than the event itself is usually our thoughts about the event. How you see that stressful event will be the largest single factor that impacts your physical and mental health", states the NIMH.5

So What Happens to Our Health?

Health problems can occur if the stress response goes on for too long, becomes chronic or if the stress response continues after the danger has subsided. Chronic stress can suppress immune, digestive, sleep and reproductive systems. People under chronic stress are prone to more frequent and severe viral infections as well.7

Routine stress may be the hardest type of stress to notice because the body gets no clear signal to return to normal functioning.8 Over time, continued strain on the body may contribute to serious health problems, such as heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes and other illnesses as well as mental health problems like depression or anxiety.9

Combatting the Toll of Stress

“When stress starts to turn chronic you have to fall back on essential health basics, like good sleep, exercise and diet, to keep the body and mind strong,” says Brent Agin, M.D., CEO, Trim Nutrition and member of MONAT’s Scientific Advisory Board. “Too many times people get out of their routine, which is the key to stress management. They either will not eat or will overeat, stop exercising and often find they’re experiencing interrupted sleep. All these factors compound the effects of stress on the body. You don’t want your body to get out of control since that will quickly affect your mind as well and you can find yourself in an even tougher emotional spot.” Dr. Agin emphasizes that if stress becomes too overbearing, despite maintaining a healthy lifestyle, one should seek medical help.

Dr. Agin says there’s always time to exercise even if you work a full 12-hour day. He reminds us that it only takes 30 minutes to effectively exercise if using a proper routine. Plus, you only need to exercise three or four days a week to get benefit. “Sometimes just putting headphones on and taking a short walk can help reduce stress and allow mental breaks,” he adds.


Brent Agin, M.D., CEO, Trim Nutrition
MONAT Global Scientific Advisory Board Member

Eating properly goes a long way toward minimizing the effects of stress. “It goes back to the cliché ‘You are what you eat.’ You need to eat a balanced diet of good fats, protein and healthy carbs,” Dr. Agin explains. “During times of stress, your body needs fuel. It’s critical to be on an anti-inflammatory diet that will fuel the body and not exacerbate the stress and inflammation that chronic stress can create.

“In addition, tart cherry, GABA, B vitamins, magnesium, theanine and taurine are supplements that have been proven to help your body better deal with stress,” Dr. Agin adds.

Be careful not to wear out your friends with complaining. It can get to the point where they can’t listen anymore. In that case, Dr. Agin advises finding personal time to think through your problems. Walk, swim, bike or just walk your dog. This gives you time to process and figure out possible solutions to your issues. Then you can talk to your friends about potential solutions rather than ranting on about problems which, in turn, encourages collaboration.

Stress certainly is not fun and can be harmful. But there are ways you can handle it better. And sometimes, according to the Mayo Clinic, simply accepting what is and adapting to it is the best answer.10

1 Nordqvist, Christian. What Is Stress? How To Deal With Stress? Medical News Today. December 14, 2015.
2 Health & Education. 5 Things You Should Know About Stress. National Institute of Mental Health.
3 Ibid.
4 Ibid.
5 Ibid.
6 Nordqvist, Op. cit.
7 Ibid.
8 Ibid.
9 Ibid.
10 Mayo Clinic Staff. Healthy Lifestyle. Stress management.

Spring Is Officially Here! Are You Ready?


March 20th was the vernal equinox, what we call spring. Flowers are peeking their buds out, birds’ chirps are wafting through the air and there’s a feeling of newness around the corner. Are you ready? Is your closet ready?

Each season fashion trends change, even slightly, and this spring we’re going to see a lot of stripes, waist-cinchers, khaki clothing and sleeve slits. If you take part in the slit sleeve trend, our advice is to up your bangle and bracelet game to add flair to your already cool ensemble. The khaki trench coat will be a staple to some. Slouchy fabrics, oversized buckles and extended silhouettes will take center stage.

In addition, lashes and brows are bigger than ever on the runway… and in real life! Who wouldn’t want long, full, luscious lashes that show off your eyes? And strong brows really frame your eyes and can literally change the look of your entire face.

What? You don’t have full lashes and brows? Well, now you can get them…with the new Eye Wonder Lash & Brow Enhancing Serum by MONAT.


MONAT’s Eye Wonder is a high-performance serum with proprietary and clinically proven ingredients that help lashes and brows appear fuller, longer, healthier and rich with shine.* It contains Capixyl™, which helps to increase the strength and condition of lashes and brows. It also contain Fision KeraVeg 18, a vegetable-based alternative to animal keratin which strengthens and improves the luster of lashes and brows. Eye Wonder’s safe formula also protects from brittleness and eyelash breakage.

Between this season’s fresh new trends and luxurious lashes and brows, you’ll be ready to greet spring gorgeous and wide-eyed!

Prepare to be EYEdolized!

*As reported by focus group participants who applied MONAT’s Eye Wonder serum twice a day for 28 consecutive days. Results may vary.

National Honesty Day Is Sunday, April 30th!

Honesty is the best policy.
—  Benjamin Franklin


Did you know that research shows that the average person lies about 200 times a day, including lies of omission and those little white lies that we all tell?1 Nurses are the most honest people.2 Men and women lie equally but men tend to lie to make themselves look better while women usually lie to make the other person feel better.3 Honestly!

Sunday, April 30th, is National Honesty Day. It was started in the early 1990s by M. Hirsh Goldberg, a former press secretary to a Maryland governor, who spent four years researching the best-selling The Book of Lies (W. Morrow, 1990). Mr. Goldberg chose April 30th for National Honesty Day to counteract the start of the month's April Fool's Day,4 which is all about telling lies, although lies told that day are considered relatively harmless.

But being dishonest-or let's say it outright-lying-is not harmless. So why do we do it? Because being honest can mean exposing a piece of your soul that you may keep hidden5 for fear of judgment, loss of respect or loss of love.6 It's common to only tell parts of a truth that one feels people want to hear, either by omitting revealing facts or telling “little white lies” that paint a very different picture of our “real” reality.7

Self-protection also is a powerful motivator. Frequently people are “advised” by their inner critic not to say what feel so they don't appear too vulnerable. They act like they don't care so they won't feel like a fool.8

Then there are times we all feel we should forego unpleasant pieces of information in order to spare a person's feelings, even when those details are important and we know it.9 Unfortunately, those fibs we tell because we don't want to hurt someone (from the mild “Oh, I love your neighborhood!” to the serious “No, he wasn't with anyone.”) can leave us feeling poorly about ourselves because we are not being authentic.10

Understanding why we lie can help us start to be more honest. Lying is "tied in with self-esteem," says Robert Feldman, psychologist at the University of Massachusetts. "We find that as soon as people feel their self-esteem is threatened, they immediately begin to lie at higher levels."11

Feldman states people should become more aware of how often they are less than honest. People need to realize that honesty yields more genuine relationships and trust. "The default ought to be to be honest and accurate," he says.12

One has to remember that being honest requires honesty with yourself first. Once you accept your true feelings and motivations, you can speak more straightforwardly with others.13 Often, when you ask the right questions, strive to view a tenuous situation with a detached mindset and practice patience with another person, you can build a stronger relationship than it may previously have been.14 Truthfulness, as hard as it might seem, actually can strengthen connections.15

If you do slip up but the moment has passed, be honest with yourself. Acknowledge that you didn't handle a situation right and vow to do better if a similar situation happens again.


Take a second to think about your values.
You know you’re honest when you do the right thing,
even when nobody is looking.

1 10 Research Findings About Deception That Will Blow Your Mind. LIESPOTTING.
2 Jimenez, Sallie. Nurses rank #1 once again in Gallup poll for ethics and honesty.
3 Llyod, Robin. Why We Lie. May 15, 2006. Live Science/Health.
4 National Honesty Day. Holiday Insights.
5 Carver, Melissa. The Truth About Lying: Why People Lie and How to Cope. The Chopra Center.
6 Firestone, Lisa, Ph.D., Why We Lie and How to Stop. Psychology Today. Posted Feb. 23,
7 Ibid.
8 Ibid.
9 Ibid.
10 Lloyd op. cit.
11 Ibid.
12 Ibid.
13 Carver op. cit.
14 Sun 30th Apr, 2017 will be…Honest Day., op. cit.

Springtime Equals Happy – But Dirty – Kids!

We’re all happy it’s springtime. We feel the new energy and want to get into the outdoor spirit. Well, kids do too. The snow has melted and kids are chafing to get outside and back at it. Playing softball and soccer, twirling around the playground, running through backyards, biking as fast as they can. What do your kids do when warm weather hits?

Here are a few really simple playthings to do that will fascinate children of different ages.

  • Look for interesting bugs.
  • Draw pictures with chalk on your sidewalk.
  • Take a magnifier and investigate tree bark, bushes or grass.
  • Paint some flower pots and then plant buds or herbs in them.
  • Hold a miniature toy car wash for the neighborhood kids.
  • Hide trinkets from around your house in a sandpile and have a treasure dig.
  • Blow, chase and pop bubbles.
  • Go to a local zoo or outdoor jungle gym.

But when it comes to digging in the dirt, making mud pies and jumping in puddles, we know bath time is just around the corner! And getting kids excited about going straight to the bathtub afterwards can be a challenge for many parents… until now!


The adorable new members of our MONAT family—Lovely Locks Lion, Really Shiny Raccoon and Magic Mane Mammoth— will take your kids from shampooing to conditioning to detangling in a snap!


Cleanses children’s hair without drying it out. Great for active kids who love to play outside!

Gives children’s hair shine and manageability and helps combat frizz. It also rinses out more quickly and easily than other conditioners.


Gives slip to the hair and helps parents win the battle with tangles. (It’s also great for adults with fine hair that knots easily.)

Parents can rest assured knowing they can now switch to a naturally based line of products that is safe to use on their children’s delicate scalp and hair.

The MONAT Junior line is:

  • Ophthalmologist and dermatologist tested; 
  • Follows MONAT’s high standards of quality and efficacy to treat your children’s unique hair, which is naturally finer and more fragile than adults’ hair;
  • Made with clean, non-toxic ingredients;
  • Tear-, sulfate- and paraben-free.

Moms and dads, rejoice! With the new MONAT Junior line, bath time becomes fun again!

So let your children get as dirty as they want in the springtime mud. Getting their hair clean will no longer be difficult with MONAT Junior!

Quality Counts, Especially In Your Hair Products

Ever open a bottle of shampoo and get a funky smell? While you may be getting bang for your buck when it comes to quantity, do you know for sure that you’re getting a quality-grade product? In fact, it’s hard to impossible to know because a major part of haircare product development is in the testing, which companies don’t disclose on their packaging or websites. Testing multiple times from the design phase to when the products ship out is critical.

“First, a brand’s Quality Control (QC) team should test the purity of the water, which is the number one ingredient in most hair products, and the raw materials,” says Joanne Dillon, Director, Quality Control, B&R Products Inc., MONAT’s Manufacturing Facility. “Naturally sourced materials can vary by their location of origin and are subject to changes in the environment. It’s up to the QC team to ensure that variations are minimized so they do not affect product performance.”


Who would think that packaging materials play a really key role? QC must test the packages to verify that they will perform properly for the customer, including testing for cap tightness, weights and seals.

“Then there is batch testing,” Joanne continues. “Once a batch is made, QC needs to confirm that each one conforms to the product specifications to maintain consistency from batch to batch and bottle to bottle.”

Another essential test QC performs is stability. Stability testing is done to simulate the temperature that the product is transported and stored in before it reaches the customer. QC looks for changes over time during freeze/thaw, heat and light exposure testing. “Stability is a test of how the formula and/or package will tolerate those conditions over time based on that design,” Joanne explains. “These tests allow us to look at concerns with the package or formula design as a whole.

“With MONAT Global products, rest assured that all these tests are rigorously performed to guarantee that customers are provided with the purest and highest quality products,” she emphasizes.


MONAT even goes one step further. Testing is performed four – FOUR! – times during the entire product development and manufacturing process to ensure the highest quality. Products are tested in the raw material phase, the bulk batch phase, the filling phase and the final package phase. Some of this testing includes pH, moisture, viscosity, spray patterns, specific gravity, microbiological counts, weights and appearance, among other characteristics.

In sum? When you purchase MONAT, you can be confident you’re getting the very, very best. And who doesn’t want that for what is often one’s most prized possession – their hair?


Seeing Red Instead of Green on St. Patrick’s Day?


How can redheads not come to mind when St. Patrick’s Day is here? They’re as Irish as one can get…well almost. Scotland has the highest proportion (13 percent) of redheads.1 Then comes Ireland with 10 percent. BUT…the United States has the largest population of this stand-out color in the world.2 No wonder we see red! We have from six to 18 million redheads in this country.3 That’s two to six percent of our total population.4

The myths about redheads run the gamut, from bruising more easily (false5) to not going gray (true – they go from red to blonde and then to white6). Some of the more fun myths are that in Denmark, they believe it is quite an honor to have a redheaded child and in Poland, if you pass three redheads in a row, they believe you will win the state lottery.7

Redheads have what is called the “ginger gene,” discovered by Professor Jonathan Reese in 1995 –mutations of the gene MC1R on chromosome 16 are responsible for this fiery color!8 And this flaming color also holds more pigment than other hair colors, making it much harder to go blonde or auburn,9 for example.

It’s interesting that redheads have less strands of hair compared to other shades (90,000 strands compared to a brunette at 140,000 strands) but their hair is much thicker so it looks like they have a lot more hair.10

What to use to keep these precious
strands at their flaming best?

It’s wise to protect the precious strands that redheads have. MONAT recommends Renew Shampoo to help increase hair vibrancy (oh, that red!), Replenish Masque to boost hair strength and Restore Leave-In Conditioner to leave hair silky and shiny. REJUVENIQE™ Oil Intensive also will keep redheads’ thicker hair in soft, lustrous condition. See your MONAT Market Partner for more information on these and other MONAT Global products to keep bright red heads shining fiercely!

1 Lehnardt, K., 38 Fiery Facts about Redheads, FACT RETRIEVER, August 27, 2016. Accessed Feb. 6, 2017.
2 Ibid.
3 Ibid.
4 Ten Debunked Myths About Redheads, Feb. 18, 2015. Accessed Feb. 6, 2017.
5 Ginger Parrot, Accessed Feb. 6, 2017.
6 Ibid. Accessed Feb. 6, 2017
7 Lehnardt, op cit.
8 Ibid. Acessed Feb. 6, 217.
9 Ginger Parrot, op. cit.
10 Ibid.

Today is International Women’s Day — How Will You Celebrate?


Honor yourself today! It’s International Women’s Day (IWD), which celebrates women’s achievements throughout history and across nations. It’s a collective day of global celebration. According to IWD, this day “is all about unity, celebration, reflection, advocacy and action.”

Recognized worldwide, it’s an official holiday in many countries, including in such widespread countries as Afghanistan, Burkina Faso and Guinea-Bissau to Kazakhstan, Madagascar and Ukraine.

While women still have barriers to break down, we’ve come a long way. Now we have female astronauts and prime ministers as well as women who are successful at managing their careers while caring for their families.

Women have real choices today…and that’s what MONAT is all about: empowering women to go as far as they want in finding a meaningful and enjoyable career and as a result, fulfilling themselves and broadening their horizons.

Hear what MONAT’s Chairman and Founder Sr. Luis Urdaneta, Chief Executive Officer Ray Urdaneta and President Stuart MacMillan have to say about a day that celebrates women worldwide!


Chairman and Founder Sr. Luis Urdaneta believes that women always have been the propeller of changes, thanks to their courage and dedication. “When a woman becomes empowered and feels confident about being able to reach an objective, she makes things happen. There are no barriers stopping a woman when she dreams big. The world we have right now is because of the incredible value and wisdom that women bring to it. They take an opportunity like MONAT, which changes the life of many families for the better, and make amazing things out of it to be the best they can be and reach their fullest potential.”


As a second-generation entrepreneur, CEO Ray Urdaneta knows the hard work involved in starting a business and praises women the world over who do so. He does believe, however, that today, with technology and social media, it is easier to have one’s own business. A woman learns this when she joins MONAT, with all the resources they offer. “When a woman joins the MONAT community, she is not going into an entrepreneurship adventure by herself. She becomes part of a support system that is second to none. Her horizons are broadened as she joins thousands of other women who have embarked on a journey that is fulfilling, fun and financially rewarding.”


President Stuart MacMillan, who has worked with MONAT since the beginning, is a huge believer in women’s rights to work and move ahead. He emphasizes MONAT is committed to celebrating women through its healthy hair revolution that empowers women entrepreneurs to support themselves and their families through a world-class business opportunity. “We take great pride in recognizing and rewarding these phenomenal women on a regular basis as they lead in their organizations and throughout their communities in Canada and the US,” he says.

Given how far women have come and the tremendous potential that lies ahead, the sky’s the limit! So lift a glass and toast yourself today. See how far you can go!

That Cup of Java – Good or Bad For You?

Coffee, latte and espresso lovers beware! March is National Caffeine Awareness month and a lot of information about the evils of caffeine will likely appear.

But is caffeine really so bad? There are so many myths about its ill effects versus its benefits that it can be really hard to figure out the bottom line. Can you safely enjoy your morning cup (or cups) of Joe… or not?

Well, it depends on how much caffeine you really drink. Says Brent Agin, M.D., member of MONAT’s Scientific Advisory Board and wellness physician, “Staying under 400 milligrams (mg) of caffeine a day, with a goal of 300 mg, is a good target.” The question is – how many mg of caffeine are in a cup of coffee?

Typically, an eight ounce cup contains 55 mg of caffeine.1 However, the Mayo Clinic puts that number at a range of 95 to 200 mg, depending on “various factors, such as roasting and grinding as well as brewing time.” 2 Other things affect caffeine strength too, like the type of coffee beans used and the type of coffee consumed (brewed, espresso, instant and decaf) and serving size. 3

A single shot of espresso, for example, is about 63 mg of caffeine. Double that and it shoots to 125 mg! 4
And remember that caffeine isn’t in just coffee. It’s also in tea, power drinks, soda, cold medications and over-the-counter pain medications, ranging from 16 milligrams to as much as 200 mg.5

So what is all the fuss about anyway?

Well, numerous research sources say that too much caffeine can cause osteoporosis, fast heartbeat, increased anxiety, depression, muscle tremors, heart disease, cancer… the list goes on. But again, it’s those two words – “too much” – that precipitates these research findings. For example, several large studies do not link caffeine to higher cholesterol, irregular heartbeats, or an increased risk of cardiovascular disease.6

The good news is that caffeine, in moderate amounts, has beneficial effects. For example, according to Joan Salge Blake, MS, RDN, LDN, Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, coffee’s healthiest perks include increased cognitive function, possible disease protection and also that it acts as a carrier for milk, which adds needed calcium, a mineral lacking in American diets.7

Joy Dubost, PhD, RD, also of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, says that, "Coffee provides one of the greatest sources of antioxidants in the American diet, due to the amount of coffee that is consumed." 8 Since antioxidants can help prevent diseases, that’s a good thing!

Other research shows even more amazing findings. David Elmenhorst, researcher for the Institute of Neuroscience and Medicine, says, "There is substantial evidence that caffeine is protective against neurodegenerative diseases like Parkinson's or Alzheimer's disease." 9

"It’s far healthier to use natural caffeine sources such as green tea, Guarana or Yerba Mate", Dr. Agin emphasizes. "It’s also healthier to get caffeine in tea, coffee or supplements that do not have extra sugar or chemicals. Problems with caffeine arise when one drinks too much of it, does not drink adequate water or take other routine supplements for bone support."

So you can have your java and drink it too… just not too much!


1 Bjarnadottir, A., MS. How Much Caffeine in a Cup of Coffee? A Detailed Guide.
2 Caffeine content for coffee, tea, soda and more. Mayo Clinic Staff. Mayo Clinic.
3 Bjarnadottir, A., MS. Op cit.
4 Ibid.
5 WebMD Medical Reference. Reviewed by Melinda Ratini, DO, MS on April 13, 2015. WebMD.
6 Ibid.
7 Benefits of Java. Reviewed by Wendy Marcason, RD, LDN. Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. Sept. 29, 2014.
8 Ibid.
9 Olson, Samantha. Health Benefits Of Caffeine: Brain On Caffeine Has Its Positives And Negatives. Medical Daily. May 20, 2014

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